dtlange2

Toxic Atmosphere – Toxic Landscapes – Aerosol pollution

Storms 2016 Political and Weather A Starter Kit Part 1 of… Trump vs Hurricane #Matthew

As it stands, at this writing, in November 2016, the United States is set to elect a new president from either the Republican or Democratic political parties. The Republicans, or GOP, notorious for denying, and furthering, human caused climate change chaos is to be represented by a Donald John Trump. The Democrats, handmaidens to decades of climate change inaction, offer Hillary Rodham Clinton.

– The Trump maw has many in the GOP in a political/ethical/moral quandary such as Arizona’s Senator John McCain.

– “There are no excuses for Donald Trump’s offensive and demeaning comments in the just released video; no woman should ever be victimized by this kind of inappropriate behavior,” McCain said. | AP Photo

 

How McCain finally decided he couldn’t stomach Trump anymore

 

Donald Trump criticized John McCain last year for being a prisoner of war and for not doing enough for veterans, then attacked a Gold Star family this summer. McCain criticized Trump at each turn, but stuck by his pledges to support the Republican nominee.

But 24 hours after audio surfaced of Trump demeaning women and making lewd comments about them, the 2008 Republican nominee decided he’d finally had enough.

The Arizona Republican said in a statement to POLITICO, later blasted out to the national media, that he simply can no longer stand behind his party’s standard-bearer. He used similar language on Saturday to that of Vice President Joe Biden, who said Trump’s comments of groping women amounted to “sexual assault.”

Read more: http://www.politico.com/story/2016/10/mccain-trump-229380#ixzz4Ma9dC7r4
Follow us: @politico on Twitter | Politico on Facebook

Photos os Clouds and Disorganized Moisture in a Lazy Atmosphere Over the Pacific Northwest 2015

Late afternoons and early evenings show plumes of moisture drifting in from the west in a sky with very little wind energy.

This indicates to me a dysfunctional jet stream and air currents in a traditionally weather vibrant part of the northern hemisphere.

I don’t like it. It worries me.

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On the left a veil, or thin plume, of moisture lies seemingly idle and not quite up to organizing into a cloud, Sept. 23, 2015.

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An array of odd clouds over PDX PNW 0615 — Plus a summation based on ground observations.

Portland, Oregon USA 2015.

– This past June I was startled to see some really odd looking clouds over me. The weather that day was unseasonably warm but not too unusual. These clouds were mostly in the lower to mid levels of the atmosphere.

New oddities showed up over a number of days.

During this time a hot dry ridge of high pressure was setting up over the PNW that has held until this writing on August 26.

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June 16, 20115.

Over the following days everything in PDX dried out the air, trees, soil. There was a snapping sensation as all moisture was expelled. Like kiln dried or second crack (coffee roasting). I felt it. It smelled acrid, and much like a condensed odor of dry-rot. I live in a 100 year old wooden building that seemed to give up its last bit of moisture to the air. There was rapid expelling of moisture that had been lock in the wood for decades.

This intense and quick drying must have been regional in scope too. It’s no wonder the Pacific Northwest is burning in explosive wildfires.

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August 2, 2015.

There is no way that I will accept ‘drought’ as a driver for this. This is the desertification of Cascadia.

“The US record fire season should not be viewed as an event in isolation. Nor should it be viewed as normal — new or otherwise. It’s an upshot of extraordinarily warm waters in the Northeastern Pacific shoving hot airs northward into regions that typically experience cool, wet weather. The climate of the Desert Southwest has been forced into Northern California, Oregon, Washington, and Montana.” – robertscribbler.com

This is an ominous sign of extreme and ‘unprecedented’ climate change brought upon us by the unbridled burning of fossil fuels.

More to the point, we have an undeclared state of climate emergency confronting us. It is our children’s future.

Our atmosphere is nearing total, in human livability terms — collapse.

We must turn back from what we have created — we must.

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Photos of cloud and atmospheric oddities preceding the latter half of June as a hot dry ridge established itself in the PNW and PDX.

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June 16, 20115.

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June 16, 2015.

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June 16, 2015.

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Cloud, and atmospheric oddities in the latter half of June as a hot dry ridge established itself in the PNW and PDX. In the foreground A very robust invasive weed grows in a street gutter, June 17, 20115. PHOTO: DT LANGE 2015 CC 4.0 BY-NC

 

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June 17, 20115.

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June 17, 20115.

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Cloud, smoke, and atmospheric oddities in the latter half of June as a hot dry ridge established itself in the PNW and PDX. June 20, 20115. PHOTO: DT LANGE 2015 CC 4.0 BY-NC

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Wildfire smoke over Portland, Oregon, August 13, 2015. PHOTO: DT LANGE 2015 CC 4.0 BY-NC

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Wildfire smoke over Portland, Oregon, August 22, 2015. PHOTO: DT LANGE 2015 CC 4.0 BY-NC

 

PHOTOS: DT LANGE 2015

Wildfire Smoke in the Sky Over Portland, Oregon.

The climate changed Northern Hemisphere has become a tinderbox of wildfire where everything in the high latitudes now burns.

Boreal forests, plants, birds, animals, tundra, permafrost, and the rest now easily incinerate.

Tons of ash and soot float in the atmosphere before falling to land resulting in a black coat of heat absorbing ashy soot.

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Smoke from many wildfires in Siberia is seen from Portland, OR. in this photo looking west northwest and towards the setting sun April 17, 2015.

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Here is the same view at sunset on August 13, 2015. Siberia still burns, as well as other parts of Russia. But there are also wildfires burning millions of acres of Alaska, Western Canada, and many parts of the Pacific Northwest including a rainforest on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington State. Smoke and ash from the different fires can be seen in various levels of a somewhat still atmosphere.

PHOTOS: DT LANGE CC 4.0

For some background and perspective on the forces of these fires and smoke plumes, I turn to NASA’s Earth Observatory:
Color bar for High-Latitude Forest Fires Behave Differently in North America and Eurasia

frp_gis_2003-13_palette

acquired January 1, 2003 – December 31, 2013

In the high latitudes of the northern hemisphere, much of the landscape is covered by boreal forest, or taiga. These regions are incredibly rich in organic matter (carbon), and they are also prone to intense fires that can send smoke thousands of miles downwind.

These evergreen forests make up one-third of Earth’s forested area, so their fires play an important role in regional and global climate patterns. That role is evolving as the world warms.

In new research published in Nature Geoscience on February 2, 2015, scientists described how fires burn differently in the northern tier of North America compared to the northern tier of Eurasia despite very similar conditions. Combining ten years of satellite data with computer models and ground-based observations, the researchers found that boreal forest fires in North America spread faster, burn hotter and longer, send smoke higher into the atmosphere, and kill more trees than fires in Eurasia. This satellite view aligns with previous ground-based observations that North American forests are more prone to crown fires—which burn from the floor to the tree tops—while Eurasia has more surface fires.

Link: NASA’s Earth Observatory

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Environmental conditions of the Pacific Northwest as seen from 2015 Portland, Oregon, USA.

The landscape and the air over Portland is looking pretty grim these days.

Plants and trees show stress anomalies of many sorts. Fossil fuel induced climate extremes are in play, and they increase daily.

The air and the atmosphere is dense with pollutants and wildfire smoke. Tundra, muskeg, permafrost and millions of acres of forests now burn in the state of Alaska, Siberia, and the Northwest Territories of Canada. The whole Pacific Northwest now resembles a desert landscape — due in great part to America’s rampant fossil fuel burning.

As I write this post, wildlife and human habitat is being burnt to a crisp and destroyed while the US Congress dawdles in dereliction — and other than a few news outlets like the Guardian and robertscribbler, there is a climate news black-out — a very dark and menacing black-out at that. There are the daily assaults on public health and all biota from aerosol pollution from fossil fuels.

A variety of text and photos on these subjects will be posted here.

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Smoke drifting at various levels of the atmosphere from many fires burning in Alaska. View of the west northwest at sunset, June 27, 2015, Portland, OR. DT LANGE CC 4.0

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Scattered beams of smoky sunlight as cloud, or smoke, shadows arc across the western sky as millions of acres Alaska burn. Sunset in Portland, Oregon USA June 28, 2015. DT LANGE CC 4.0

 

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Dead fall of immature cherries that now resemble dried raisons. June 21, 2015, Portland, OR. DT LANGE CC 4.0

 

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What climate change isn’t killing outright — we kill with chemicals. Almost all are petrochemical based.

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A bumble bee, possibly disoriented, or in pain, or unable to fly as nature and its genetic coding intended skitters over some pebbles under a linden tree in Portland, Oregon, USA — June 25, 2015.

 

PHOTOS OF NOTE:

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Late afternoon sun and wildfire smoke in the atmosphere give this flower a warm glow, 071315. DT LANGE CC 4.0 BY-NC

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Smoky skies at sunset looking west northwest. PDX 071815. DT LANGE CC 4.0

 

 

June 2015: A Fossil Fuel Induced Atmospheric ‘Oven’ at the Top of The World.

JUNE 2015: A rudimentary (Google Earth) graphic of some extreme conditions in the northern latitudes — centered on the Gulf of Alaska.

– Resilient RED Ridge’ of high pressure — and a two color ORANGE circle of warm water: E. PACIFIC.

– Baked tundra and permafrost YELLOW fire boxes: E. SIBERIA/AK/NWT.

– Bubbling and bursting methane minefield LITE GREEN circle: SIBERIA/ARCTIC

– Dome of hot stale air under a faltering jet stream. WHITE oblong circle: AK,PNW/GULF OF ALASKA

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SUMMARY:

We have a fossil fuel induced atmospheric ‘oven’ at the top of the world.

Sea ice, glaciers, ice fields, and mountain snowpack are quickly melting, or are absent.

The Eastern Pacific is rapidly acidifying.

The Pacific Northwest, and its rainforests, is fast becoming a giant Desert Northwest.

Methane, an extremely powerful climate killing Green House Gas is exiting its traditional subterranean home through warming and thawing earth surfaces.

Fossil fuels are being extracted and burned at a ravenous rate.

It is only June.

Another five months of the ‘summer’ of 2015remain.

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Urban Avocados – Radiant Heat – Aerosol Pollution

DATELINE SANTA BARBARA, CA 2012

This rather macabre Hass Avocado sighting is offered as being instructive about the effects of solar radiant heat on plant biota exposed to chronic urban aerosol fallout. This also reveals extreme environmental oddities which go unnoticed by the public and its agents.
The tree sits on the west side corner of large theater building. Sunlight falls on its canopy only about high noon when the sunlight is hottest. The canopy and crown is also exposed to wind and traffic dust coming from a busy street.

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Avocado tree with a thin crown, hanging fruit, and bare branches.

I had been watching this site for some time after I noticed necrotic leaves and immature fruit falling from the crown, and onto a grassy area. This area is also “tended to” and cleared of deadfall on a weekly basis by a hired landscaping crew.

These two Hass avocados, Persea americana (LAURACEAE, Laurel Family) fell to the grass in my presence.

Two freshly fallen avocados with black welts at a grassy area, in Santa Barbara, California, September 23, 2012. The fruit fell to the ground just seconds before the photo was taken. The black bulges smoldered and emitted considerable heat. D. T. Lange

Two freshly fallen avocados with black welts at a grassy area, in Santa Barbara, California, September 23, 2012. The fruit fell to the ground just seconds before the photo was taken. The black bulges smoldered and emitted considerable heat. D. T. Lange

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Two freshly fallen avocados with black welts at a grassy area, in Santa Barbara, California, September 23, 2012

 

Both fruits have blackened areas but the top face of the fruit on the right has a large blister, or smoldering welt. This heat absorbing black dome is about 6 mm. (.2″) thick which indicates a gain of mass. Some sort of strong, and sustaining, organic chemical reaction had to be taking place in order for this to happen.

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Heat absorbing and heat emitting black dome on a Hass Avocado in 2012 Santa Barbara, CA.

This dome emitted considerable heat for many minutes after falling. To my flesh, it felt like being near dying embers of charcoal. Other photos will show other trees with thin crowns and blackened fruit that look like they have been chemically air baked.

The tree and its fruit are well watered and nourished — yet the exposed top canopy has lost fruit and leaves.

If this can happen in urban Southern California, it, or something similar can take place wherever flora or biota is exposed to the atmosphere containing hydrocarbon, VOC (volatile organic compounds), or traffic dust aerosol fallout. (Black ice fields, etc?)

The right side of this palm tree trunk has a charred look, Santa Barbara, California, Aug 4. 2012. The right side faces traffic, and an onshore wind flow.

The right side of this palm tree trunk has a charred look, Santa Barbara, California, Aug 4. 2012. The right side faces traffic, and an onshore wind flow.

The tree with blistered avocados is next the center white building in the background. A palm tree with a charcoal ember like (right side) trunk is in the foreground. Traffic dust and air currents go right to left of frame.

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The right side of this palm tree trunk has a charred look, Santa Barbara, California, Aug 4. 2012.

 

I have been around avocado trees and fruits (rotted, under/over ripe, etc.) for many years but had never seen anything like this take place.

This startling finding was made just days before I left SB, and after I had made my last appeal to civil government about the severity of air pollution on our landscape.

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Avocado tree with sparse canopy and blackened deformed fruit.

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An atmospherically baked urban avocado in Santa Barbara, CA.

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Avocado Santa Barbara

Avocado leaves embalmed WS

Deadfall of Avocado leaves.

Photos: DT LANGE – CC 4.0 BY-NC

Related info, definitions, terminology:

Chemical Reactivity
Organic chemistry encompasses a very large number of compounds ( many millions ), and our previous discussion and illustrations have focused on their structural characteristics. Now that we can recognize these actors ( compounds ), we turn to the roles they are inclined to play in the scientific drama staged by the multitude of chemical reactions that define organic chemistry.
Reaction Conditions The environmental conditions, such as temperature, pressure, catalysts & solvent, under which a reaction progresses optimally. Catalysts are substances that accelerate the rate ( velocity ) of a chemical reaction without themselves being consumed or appearing as part of the reaction product.
http://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty/reusch/VirtTxtJml/react1.htm

Avocado, Hass, Persea americana
LAURACEAE, Laurel Family

The peel or rind (exocarp) consists of an epidermis with a cuticle, but in the warty fruits, the epidermis is replaced with cork from a cork cambium. The warts or bumps are airy zones in the cork called lenticels. Beneath this are several layers of cells, the innermost ones being sclerenchyma. The thick, green mesocarp is composed of millions of small parenchyma cells, some that are specialized for oil storage and others that have smaller amounts of oils. The endocarp consists of several layers of thin-walled cells.
Avocado oil is also isolated for many unusual products. It has a flash point of about 600 degree F and makes an excellent cooking oil (remember also its fatty acid composition!).
http://www.botgard.ucla.edu/html/botanytextbooks/economicbotany/Persea/

Abstract

The first aim of the present work (study 1) was to analyze ethyl acetate, 70% acetone, and 70% methanol extracts of the peel, pulp, and seed from two avocado (Persea americana Mill.) varieties, namely, ‘Hass’ and ‘Fuerte’, for their phenolic composition and their in vitro antioxidant activity using the CUPRAC, DPPH, and ABTS assays. Their antimicrobial potential was also studied. Peels and seeds had higher amounts of phenolics and a more intense in vitro antioxidant potential than the pulp. Peels and seeds were rich in catechins, procyanidins, and hydroxycinnamic acids, whereas the pulp was particularly rich in hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids and procyanidins. The total phenolic content and antioxidant potential of avocado phenolics was affected by the extracting solvent and avocado variety. The avocado materials also displayed moderate antimicrobial effects against Gram-positive bacteria. Taking a step forward (study 2), extracts (70% acetone) from avocado peels and seeds were tested as inhibitors of oxidative reactions in meat patties. Avocado extracts protected meat lipids and proteins against oxidation with the effect on lipids being dependent on the avocado variety.
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf1048832

Photos of Urban and Atmospheric Aerosol Pollution Its Fallout and Related Damage

Urban Aerosol Pollution – Its Fallout and Related Damage

Photo samples updated often for distribution and posting:

Locations include Santa Barbara, CA and Portland, OR USA

PHOTOS: DT LANGE
CC 4.0 BY-NC

 

AIR POLLUTION SB

DIRTY_FILTHY_AIR_SANTA-BARBARA_CA dustyskylines27 (3)

 

BLACK GUM SOOT ON SIDEWALKS SB

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PAINTED SURFACES EXPOSED TO AEROSOL FALLOUT SB

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RUNOFF  DISSOLVE RESULTS SB

 

 

RUNOFF  DISSOLVE RESULTS PDX

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CHEMICAL ETCHING SB

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BLACK CARBON SOOT DEPOSITS SB

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Samsun black SB-SEP-9 (7)Paseo Nuevo  2012 Santa Barbara SB BLACK (1)
SB-LAST-DAZE (6)RestoRant SB black dustDEDICATREE (4)SF COTT BLUEMAILBX 0 00 02-35SB-ENG-BLDG-BLK (1)SFRFADMINJ12 0 00 02-21SFRFADMINJ12 0 00 09-56SFRFADMINJ12 0 00 19-32

 

 

AVOCADO DAMAGE DEAD-FALL SB

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2012: Dead-fall of environmentally stressed avocado leaves, Santa Barbara, CA.

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2012: Avocado tree with extremely stressed leaves and fruit, Santa Barbara, CA. Severe phtotoxic aerosol pollution is the likely cause.

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PALMS TREES IN SANTA BARBARA, CA USA

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SIGNS OF NITROGEN NUTRIENT POLLUTION SB

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TREES LEAVES  DAMAGE DEADFALL SB

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Ficus deadfall carpets a Santa Barbra, CA parking lot, 2012,

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Ficus deadfall Santa Barbara, CA, 2012.

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One week’s worth of deadfall of Ash? and citrus leaves on W. Valerio St., Santa Barbara, CA, 2012.

 

Arlington Theater Santa Barbara 2012 State St.

Arlington Theater Santa Barbara 2012 State St.

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Fallen maple type leaves and black soot dust on sidewalk, Santa Barbara, CA, 2011.

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Baked and brittle fallen maple type leaves May, 2012. From the same trees as indicated above in fall 2011. Santa Barbara, CA.

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White Sapote fruit dead fall with dry, brittle, baked skin, W. Valerio St. Santa Barbara, CA 2012.

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White Sapote tree with bare crown, W. Valerio St. Santa Barbara, CA 2012.

 

 

 

 

 

 

BLACKENED FOLIAGE TREE TRUNKS SB

 

FLAGS SB

 

ASPHALT

 

PARKING LOTS

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TRAFFIC DUST – DEPOSITS & STAINS SB

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AEROSOL NITROGEN NUTRIENT GROWTH PORTLAND

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Dehydrated algal growth from painted metal fence – aprox. 1 heaping tablespoon, Portland, OR. 2015.

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Algal growth scraped from painted metal fence, Portland, OR. 2015.

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ATMOSPHERE PNW

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POST RAIN GLARE & REFLECTED HEAT FROM SIGN PNW PDX 0415

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050115 PNW PDX

 

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050115 PNW PDX

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05032015 PDX

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05032015 PDX

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052815 – The atmosphere at sunset with northern latitude wildfire smoke and airliner contrails, looking W N/W from PDX.

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052915 – The atmosphere with airliner contrails in a pasty white mid morning sky, looking E from PDX.

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060615 PNW Smoky atmosphere from wildfires in the high northern latitudes.

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060615 PNW Warm colored airline contrails made static from a weakened polar jet stream in a smoky atmosphere caused by wildfires in the high northern latitudes.

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PDX near sunset, looking W N/W at the various layers of the northern atmosphere. Notice the wispy white plumes are likely smoke from fires burning on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula, 061915. Note too, the lazy air currents aloft. DT LANGE CC 4.0

 

RUNOFFS PDX

 

 

ATMOSPHERIC DUST MOISTURE

 

MY ART

SloughBlossomShadowBoxsml

 

MY PASSIONS MY WORK

 

Monarch butterfliesMonarch butterfliesewd dirty pre me hats adults cewd main messy oldcDTL-MONX-SIGN-CRPsmlc8

 

OTHER SOURCES FOR ILLUSTRATION

SantaBarbaraCoastalRegion.htm_txt_PConSBarbISS010_ISS010-E-8275

sb3d_tmoverview

SIBERIA BURNING SMOKY SUNSETS PNW

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SCENICS

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The view of an altered sky and atmosphere above Portland, Oregon, USA

As the Arctic warms under a broken jet stream I took a series of photos in early March of the sky and atmosphere above the Pacific Northwest. The contrails from these high altitude planes are mostly south to north from airliners flying the polar route.

Exhaust trails from these commercial airliners combine to create a dense mush of artificial cloud cover — which also effects the climate. These are juxtaposed these with a very weak jet stream and a lower and upper atmosphere full of moisture and particulate pollution.

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-The sky fills with high altitude south to north airline traffic.

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-The jet stream 030715 and Temperature anomalies 030515 per ClimateReanayzer

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– Night with jet trails and daytime clouds still visible lower left,

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– Dusk, reflected glare from setting sun on the back of a STOP sign.

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– Looking back the sun is blocked by the sign making obvious a halo of dense atmosphere.

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– Just the setting sun and it’s atmospheric halo.
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– A washed out ‘blue’ sky and the glare on a bus stop roof.

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– Night awaits after daytime ‘clear’ skies in Portland, Oregon – USA, March 2015.

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I have to wonder about the wisdom of creating an artificial cloud cover over an extremely vulnerable sea and land mass that is already warming from rampant fossil fuel pollution.

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Assorted photos of sky and atmosphere over PNW.

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Arctic Sea Ice Flirts With New Record Lows Dragging Global Coverage Inexorably Down

robertscribbler

It’s another winter of far above average temperatures for the Arctic.

Warm air has risen — south to north — over both the North Atlantic and Pacific. It has ridden through the Bering and Barents seas. And it has invaded an Arctic sea ice pack that is far, far more fragile than it has ever been in modern human reckoning.

image

(A parade of warm fronts predicted to run up through the North Atlantic and Barents between Greenland and Northern Europe and on up into the Arctic Ocean on Thursday, March 5. The warm fronts are indicated by regions of perpendicular wind flow across the meridional pattern running northward from the Eastern Seaboard of North America and on into the Arctic. It is a pattern we’ve seen frequently throughout the winter of 2014-2015. One that has resulted both in Arctic warming and extreme polar vortex excursions. Image source: Earth Nullschool

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